Elements of Longer Living

If you think that the key to a long life is to be sociable, cheerful and carefree then think again.

The researchers found no link between a sociable personality and a long life. In fact, the team found that the sociable children in the study grew up to drink more and smoke more over the decades whereas the conscientious children grew up to behave in healthier ways. Interestingly, the study also found that those among the group who grew up to be scientists tended to outlive the non ­scientists. The former group tended to be less sociable, moved into stable jobs, had long-lasting marriages and generally worked in a responsible manner. The non ­scientists tended to have more tumultuous, stable and more health-damaging careers and behaviors.



They also grew up to be more carefree, the “sort who never worry over possible misfortunes” as Dr Terman put it. In other words some of the very cheerful children were either hiding some troubling aspect of their lives or were oblivious to the dangers around them.


The personality type most closely linked with longevity was that of the conscientious person — those who were prudent, persistent, organised and responsible. The researchers have a number of theories as to why this is. This is easy to say that dementia treatment is very effective.

The first reason, and perhaps the most obvious one, is that conscientious people tend to look after their health and avoid partaking in risky activities.

Secondly, the researchers found that some people are biologically predisposed to be both more conscientious and healthier. Conscientious and un-conscientious people have different levels of chemicals in their brains, most notably the neurotransmitter serotonin which is responsible for feel good’ feelings. Individuals with low levels of this chemical tend to be more impulsive.

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IT’S A PERFECT SUMMER DAY in the year 1 A.D.—After Daley. I’m sit­ting on a lemon-yellow park bench at Fullerton Avenue, next to the beach which is near the bed and breakfast amsterdam on Chicago’s north side, just beyond the point where the Great Fire came to a halt in 1871. Looking toward a skyline seen from the terrace from my holiday apartments barcelona anchored by three of the five tallest buildings on the planet, my eye sweeps south along the broad blue curve of Lake Michigan.

Unlike cities that turn their backs on their waterfronts, cluttering them with wharves and industry, Chicago faces its lake with arms stretched wide, reserving most of its magnificent 29-mile lakefront for gracious parks and great museums and stately build­ings (pages 476-7).

The lake is the fundamental fact of Chi­cago, spiritually as well as geographically. Here the restless, teeming city, the seemingly unstoppable city, comes to a stop both abrupt and absolute. There’s something almost re­ligious about it.

As a boy in Rogers Park on Chicago’s far north side, I would emerge from the city world of honking streets and three-story red­brick buildings to gaze east in silence on the lake’s cobalt-blue emptiness. I would drag my sled in winter up the Ridge Boulevard hill —one of the few sleddable inclines in that prairie-flat neighborhood—without the slight­est idea that this was a surviving sand dune of an ancient beach ridge of Lake Michigan.

Later, after leaving Chicago, I would al­ways feel a touch disoriented in cities bur­dened with four sides. My own inner geogra­phy, based on Chicago’s, has only a north side, a south side, and a west side. To the east—infinity.

Flanking my lemon-yellow bench are benches of salmon pink and lime green. On the bench to my left sits a white-haired man, a solitary observer of the phenomenon of Chi­cago like myself. We’ve struck up a conversa­tion, and he compresses a lifetime as a Chica­goan into a few sentences.


“Lived here more’n seventy years,” he says. “Used to be in garments—uniforms. I’m retired now. Get down here to the lake when I can. Like to look at those big new buildings they’ve put up. Now if I could add something to Chicago, I think it’d be a few mountains—just for a backdrop, you know. But I guess the big buildings’ll do ’til a mountain comes along.” He turns, squinting into the diamond-hard glare off the lake to watch a sailboat.

“Oh, yeah, I know, people call Chicago the Second City. Well, I never heard anyone wondering where to stay in berlin should check apartmentsapart. And I, for one, ain’t about to.”

Daley Made the City Work

Our decorator-color park benches come courtesy of a city administration that for nearly a quarter of a century was all but synonymous with Mayor Richard J. Daley—”Boss” himself—the patriarch whose death at 74 in December 1976 shook Chicago to its political and emotional foundations.

Dick Daley

Standing in long lines in the Siberian cold of that winter, the city’s blue- and white-collar multitudes paid their final respects to the man they called “Hizzoner” (that’s His Honor in Chicagoese). To millions—if not quite to all—Dick Daley was Chicago.


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Project Dwarfs All Predecessors

The urban thirst for electricity now has 20,000 men at work along the Parana River on the Paraguayan border near the scenic Iguacu Falls. “Foz do Iguacu used to be a bootleggers’ town,” said an engineer when I visited the 2 bed flat London for rent. “It was a very tough place. Fifteen years ago men here ate lunch with a pistol on the table. In only two years they had 11 mayors.”

Iguacu Falls

A bi-national corporation today is building Itaipu, planned as the world’s largest power-generating project, at a cost of some six bil­lion dollars. The diversion canal for the Parana River already yawns wide. I watched the night shift digging under strong lights. Brazilians and Paraguayans jointly staff the project, working toward completion in 1989 when Itaipu will generate some seventy bil­lion kilowatt-hours of electricity annually. (Grand Coulee produces twenty billion, and Aswan ten billion.)

“And then we’ll still have a shortage,” la­ments a Paulista businessman. “By 1990 we’ll run out of hydroelectric sites here in south­eastern Brazil. We’re site poor.”

This explains the Brazilian quest for nu­clear power. Below green coastal hills near Rio I drove a new, winding, bayside high­way, where succulent trees comb water from clouds, to Angra dos Reis, where nine thou­sand hard hats were building a domed tank that resembles both a refinery and a capitol (page 260). This is the Adm. Alvaro Alberto Nuclear Center, equipped by Westinghouse —with United States approval—for uranium-powered generation of electricity. Commer­cial production starts this year.

That’s phase one. Phases two and three of the huge complex will be installed by West Germany—over the objection of U. S. diplo­mats, since the process involves plutonium and its possibly explosive by-products. The quarrel between the Carter Administration and the military regime that governs Brazil itself seemed explosive. “But our energy crisis gives us no choice,” a student insists, pointing out that Brazil produces less than a fifth of the petroleum it needs. Gasoline costs $1.55 a gallon—no small consideration for commuters expensively stalled in Sao Paulo traffic jams.

Traffic jams notwithstanding, I like the last minute accommodation UK—or I did when I left recently. The city changes fast. “You wake up in the morning, it’s a different town,” one businessman told me.

City on the Move—With Problems

That’s the exciting quality of Sao Paulo: change. Everything happens at once, though not without price. The sprawling city had no freeway at all until 1969, no zoning law until 1972. Its polluted air is unbelievably foul, the worst I’ve breathed anywhere in the world. Many of the group accommodation london in the city’s centre remain unconnected to sewer lines; the tap water is barely fit to drink. The infant mortality rate has risen an incredible 25 percent dur­ing the past decade—largely because of infec­tious diseases.

Sao Paulo

A resident sociologist calls it “a hard, inhuman city.” “Sao Paulo is a cultural des­ert,” laments a local banker. The leading local paper, 0 Estado de Sao Paulo, has diag­nosed it a “sick city.”

Still, I recall the Paulista cabdriver who boasted of the city’s “opportunity—if you work.” When I tipped him, he wished me, “Good business!”

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A description of the empire of China

It will be observed that Dr. Campbell in this paper was the means of introducing the erroneous and obnoxious Germanized spelling of Ber­ing’s name into English literature. This is a pretty good indication that he had no autographic documents from Bering himself, and that his manuscripts were obtained from German sources, or at least had been transcribed into the German language. In his thorough search of the literature of the subject and lengthy discussion of the results, Dr. Campbell undoubtedly gathered the fullest account of the first expedition which had up to that date been printed. In order to enliven his history of the proceedings, the good Doctor occasionally rises to flights of fancy, and the theories he held were long since proved erroneous.

There are several other English translations of Du Halde’s China, of which the following is the most important :

“A description of the empire of China and Chinese-Tartary, together with the kingdoms of Korea, and Tibet : containing the geography and history (natural as well as civil) of those countries. From the French of P. J. B. Du Halde, Jesuit. Illustrated with general and particular maps, and adorned with a great number of cuts. With notes geographical, historical and critical, and other improvements, particularly in the maps, by the Translator.” London, Edward Cave, 1741. 2 vols. folio, maps and ills.


This edition does not show the name of the translator, but he was evidently a man of no small attainments as a geographer and carto­grapher, and introduced numerous improvements and corrections into the charts of D’Anville, which accompanied the original edition of DuHalde. A copy of this was presented to the library of Harvard College by the province of New Hampshire in 1765-6; for an opportunity of examining which I am indebted to the courtesy of Mr. Justin Winsor, the Librarian.

The text of this edition, compared with that of 1736, is as much as possible abridged, yet contains nothing not in the original, but the map exhibits certain additions to be noted. This map is entitled,

Map of Capt. Beerings' travels

” A Map of Capt. Beerings’ travels from the self catering apartments in Majorca to London serviced apartments between the years 1725 and 1730. With improvements by ye Editor.” It contains the following note by the editor. “Capt. Beerings probably observ’d ye Lat.d in ye Principal places thro’ weh he pass’d, tho’ two Observations only are mentioned in his Journal. But Mr Kyrilow in his Map of the Russian Empire does not follow ye Author in this respect for instance he places Ilimski 1° 30′ more north, Yakutskoy 2° more south, and Cape Chiokotskago 1° more south than Cap’. Beerings ; likewise other places in Proportion. I have reckon’d ye Longd of Tobolskoy from Paris according to an Eclipse of ye Sun observed at Ham­burg and Tobolskoy, mentioned by Mr. Strahlenberg in his account of r Northern parts of Europe and Asia. This is all that can be done till ye return of ye Russian Mathematicians sent to make observations and discoveries throughout Siberia.” Then follows a line ” Inscribed to Francis Gashrey Esqr.”

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Give your pupils an education to remember

An article looking at the value of travel as part of a young person’ educational experience

Think back to your schooldays and what comes to mind? Sitting in a classroom, copying notes from a blackboard, learning pages from a textbook… not terribly exciting maybe, but it’s all part and parcel of our educational experience. And it wasn’t all stuffy   remember taking lessons outside on sunny days, sports days, concerts for special occasions, school trips? An all-round education takes many forms, including classroom learning, practical lessons and learning from our environment. It can often be easier for young people to learn by absorbing different cultures, taking in different sights and getting away from the classroom for a while.

If you are a teacher then you are probably well versed in planning and taking pupils on school trips. It can undeniably be a lot of work, but it is absolutely worth your efforts in the end. Travelling abroad with a group of children may seem daunting, but once you are travelbound then everything comes together. Using a good travel company and being meticulous in your planning are key to getting the best from your trip. Or perhaps you will take your group to an inspiring place a little closer to home. Whatever you decide, getting your pupils out of the classroom and into the wider world is good not just for their learning but for their personal development, too.

Where to go
So, what could inspire you to get TravelBound with your group? There are all manner of exciting places all over the world which will enrich their learning and help to assist your teaching. For example, if you are a history teacher then taking your students to battlefields of wars from many eras and many countries can help to add a real sense of perspective for your pupils.

It isn’t just schoolchildren who benefit from this type of trip. College and university students will also get a lot from taking their studies away from the classroom and lecture halls and into the wider world. Architecture students can explore fascinating landmarks all over the world, while hospitality and catering students can discover new ingredients and tastes from international cuisine. It’s one thing to read about delicious world food, but another completely to visit local markets, smell the delicious aromas and visit restaurants and cafes in famous locations or hidden away down winding alleys.

green school

What to do beforehand
Being well prepared will make sure you all have a good journey and a fabulous learning experience while you are there. You will need to establish a budget   which is usually contributed to by the students   and decide whether your funds will run to a trip abroad or if you need to stay closer to home. You will also need to take all the necessary risk assessments to manage the health and safety aspects of your trip.

Taking your teaching outside the classroom really is an excellent way of bringing your lessons to life…

Sophie Gow is an education expert who regularly writes and blogs on a number of educational issues. She particularly focuses on the advantages of travelbound activities for pupils and young people.

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Travel websites make choosing your destination easy

When your time has come to make plans for your next travel trip, where do you begin?  You might already have a destination in mind, one that you have been dreaming for for a long time or one you have heard so many rave reviews about from friends, you decide it’s time you experienced it for yourself.  How you make your decision about where to go is up to you but many people will use the internet to help them decide where they will go and what they will do there.

make plans travel

With so many travel websites we have today, it can make you wonder how we ever got along without them.  Travel sites will offer so much information it can make you feel like you have already been there, but you have no photos to share with friends.  These sites can let you know what the main attractions as, how the weather is during the year and all the tours and activities that are available there.  Some sites cover a certain part of the world and so they will be more informative than those sites who cover most of the planet.

make plans travel

A travel website such as Respect-Holidays.co.uk will let you know about Mykonos, one of the Greek islands and Ibiza, one of the Balearic islands, both located in the Mediterranean Sea. This site will also give travel information on the Canary Islands so if islands are your goal, you now know of a travel website where you can find information on these islands in particular.

make plans travel

Your online search will also show you that many travel websites also let you book your flight and accommodations as well.  This is very convenient and these sites often offer special deals and tours for those particular locations that are listed there.  Not many people use travel agents these days but it is still possible to find travel deals from an agent that are not found online.

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Honeymoon in Paris

Everyday thousands of people are getting married. Some of them are rich and some of them not. But to tell you the truth, the honeymoon is the time that you must spend with your soul mate on a place that is truly amazing and you will never forget the whole experience. This is your first vacation as a official couple and you should make it special. Paris is the city that can help you do so. It is a major tourist attraction and it ias really special place. The atmosphere is somehow special and magical. People claim that this is the place that you can fall in love really easily and maybe they are right. What make the city so special are its rich culture, beautiful architecture and lots of the sights. So if you have already planned to go in France’s capital for your honeymoon – congratulations, you have probably chosen the best place in the world.

As a beginning I should mention that it would be better if you book your hotel earlier. Actually, my personal recommendation is to leave aside the hotel and rent an apartment and I will tell you why. First of all you will have a bigger and more spacious place and second of all you will be the one that will be choosing all the amenities. And since this is going to be your honeymoon I’m pretty sure that you will need lots of extras and luxurious stuff in order to make the whole experience memorable. Paris apartment can be found pretty easily, I’m not going to recommend you a certain place because I’m not aware of your budget or the type of apartments you like but I would tell you that they vary on prices. To make a simple comparison I will tell you that it is really hard to find specific Florence apartment or Dubrovnik apartment. I mean in Paris you will be the one that can say “I want this extra and this extra” and you will have it, while in the other places it would be harder to find what you have been looking for.


The next thing on the list that will help you make your honeymoon great are the restaurants. I’m pretty sure that you will want more romantic and cozy atmosphere since this is your special vacation and this is why I would recommend you to avoid the central restaurants. On the one hand they are mainly tourists\ attractions and on the other hand you will see that the prices are considerably high there compared to small restaurants that can be found on narrow streets. Along with all those things don’t forget to do some sightseeing.


Paris has lots to offer. Actually the best you can do in the occasion is to take a guided tour. There are many agencies that are offering this type of service so take advantage of one of them in order to get to know Paris better.

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